Rose and rosehips belong to the family Rosaceae, but have a number of features that should be considered when growing. Quite often, a rose degenerates into a rosehip, so it is important to determine such a rebirth in a timely manner, as well as understand the reasons why the rose has become wild, and what should be done in this case.
Why is a rose reborn
Rose is a cultural form of plants from the genus of wild rose and the pink family. It is very difficult to mix blooming roses with rose hips. The flowers of a large rose, have a large number of petals. Wild rosehip flowers are pink in color, and garden forms may have white or bright pink, cyclamen flowers. In addition, the dog rose forms a small, round shape, suitable for eating fruits.
The cultivated rose is grown on a stock, which is used as a wild rose or rose canina, as well as a dog rose. In some cases, roses are grown on their own roots. Own rose does not degenerate, and plants grown on rootstocks sometimes turn into a wild state and can become wild rose.
If the decorative culture is reborn, then you should pay attention to such reasons as non-compliance with growing technology and incorrect pruning of roses. The cause of degeneration may be improper penetration when landing on a permanent place.
Of course, inexperienced flower growers very often do not notice the moment when a cultivated rose turns into a "wild game", but it is sometimes not easy for flower growers who have been engaged in growing roses for a long time to catch the period when the culture grows into a normal dog rose.
The first and clearly distinguishable signs are a change in the color of the surface of the shoots in a flowering crop. The shoots of the cultivated rose have a characteristic reddish color, while in the wild rose the shoots, regardless of the species, always remain green. In addition, the "wild" has thinner shoots, and in the rose they are powerful and well leafy.
Why rose has become a wild rose
The color of the leaves of the rose is dark green, the leaves are hard and leathery, quite large, with a gloss and a rounded tip. Rosehip has small, rough to the touch, light green or gray-green, matte leaves with a pointed tip. Spikes on roses are rare and large, and in rose hips they are small and often located.
According to some gardeners, you can distinguish a rose from a dog rose by the number of leaves. However, as practice shows, it is very difficult to distinguish between two species in this way, since climbing roses also have seven leaves. Thus, it is very important not only to determine in a timely manner that the flowering culture has turned into a wild specimen, but also to know how to quickly and correctly correct the situation if the rose has already grown.
How to prevent or correct a situation
In the literal sense of the word, to reanimate a rose grafted on a wild rose, which went into wild growth, it is necessary to carry out a number of simple, but very important activities:
- carefully dig out the soil around the root system of the plant;
- determine the location of the scion of roses on the stock;
- carefully, but very carefully break out all the wild shoots;
- to cover with iodine all areas of scraps and breaks.
This procedure should be carried out at least two times during the growing season, and if wild shoots appear next year, also repeat the event. You can try to plant the plant so that the vaccination site is buried by about 8-10 cm. With a smaller planting, the shoots of the rootstock make their way much more often. Sometimes you can observe the appearance of rosehip shoots in a meter from the rose itself, and such processes are also very important to remove in a timely manner.
Overly abundant emergence of the shoot significantly complicates the process of cultivation, therefore, many experienced flower growers in this case try to transfer the roses to their own roots by removing the rootstock below the grafting site after the emergence of roots on the scion. To prevent rebirth, it is necessary to carry out competent care of the culture.
From the proper care of a beautifully flowering plant depends on its health and longevity. Agricultural technology of roses is quite complex and requires a lot of attention, time and effort, as well as certain skills and knowledge:
- at the end of March or April, shelters are removed from the bushes, which will protect the plantings from aging;
- about a week after the removal of the covering material, spring sanitary and anti-aging pruning should be performed, as well as the removal of weed vegetation and the first loosening with subsequent mulching;
- for irrigation, water that is exclusively settled and heated in the sun is used, and irrigation is carried out twice a week in particularly hot months with the consumption of one bucket of water per plant;
- after the bushes are trimmed, it is necessary to provide plants with protection against diseases and pests through preventive spraying with insectofungicides;
- at the stage of the first flowering, repeated preventive spraying of the bushes is carried out, as well as watering, followed by loosening;
- you need to monitor the cleanliness of plantings and regularly remove weed vegetation, diseased shoots and wilted flowers;
- at least three times during the growing season should be fertilized with any fertilizer for flowering crops or Kemira-plus.
Of great importance is the timely and proper top dressing of rose bushes with the main nutritional complexes.
|Rose feeding time||Type of dressing||Fertilizer consumption|
|At the stage of swelling and active growth of the kidneys||The use of nitrophoska, ammophos or diammophos||25-30 g per plant|
|The first phase of budding||Mineral mixture||For each bush, 10-15 g of nitrate, 25-30 g of superphosphate and 15-20 g of potassium salt|
|After the first flowering||Comprehensive top dressing with ready-made formulations for flowering plants based on superphosphate, azofoska, kalimagnesia and potassium nitrate||According to the instructions supplied by the fertilizer manufacturer|
|In mid-September||Wintering||The introduction of 15-20 g of Kalimagnesia|
Roses need careful and proper preparation for the winter period, which helps to protect the decorative culture from freezing. After the air temperature is set at -5-7 ° C, the last irrigation event and hilling should be carried out. Around the last decade of October, it is required to insulate plants through the construction of winter shelters.