Rugosa rose, or Rósa rugósa, quite popular in our country, is known as a wrinkled rose to many amateur gardeners and gardeners. An ornamental plant is cultivated to create a hedge and as a source of berries, from which you can prepare tasty and healthy preserves, as well as fragrant jam.
The ornamental shrub Rósa rugósa forms erect and massive shoots, which become lignified, brown in color, with little leafiness or completely bare with age. Young shoots of light green color, with dense pubescence. The flower-bearing type of shoots are characterized by significant studs.
Depending on the variety and variety, the description of Rósa rugósa may suggest the presence of strong, with a wide base, slightly sickle-curved spines or covering the shoots with small and needle-shaped spines.
Flowers are large enough, individually located or collected in inflorescences. The average diameter of a fully opened flower rarely exceeds 60-70 mm. Petals can be double or semi-double, various shades of pink, white, yellow or red. The flowering period is in the middle of summer. Many repair-type hybrids often form repeated flowering in the first decade of autumn.
The advantages of varieties and hybrid forms of Rósa rugósa include:
- high decorativeness compared to wild rose hips and the formation of large, often double flowers with a pleasant and pronounced aroma;
- high winter hardiness, which was obtained by Rugosa rose from wild ancestors, well tolerating frosts;
- increased resistance to damage by the most common diseases;
- sufficient unpretentiousness, allowing you to grow varieties and hybrids in the conditions of home gardening for beginning florists;
- the possibility of using not only tasty, but also very useful berries in cooking and preparation.
Rose rugosa: features of cultivation
Most hybrids and varieties of Rósa rugósa have repeated flowering, which very important when used in landscape design, which includes:
- hedges, borders and ecological fences;
- group dendrological compositions;
- solitary landings on lawns;
- rockeries with live or artificial stone;
- ethnic composition.
Rugosa rose is in great demand as a natural barrier to strengthen coastal zones, as well as an environmental barrier in industrial zones and areas with increased gas contamination.
Popular varieties and hybrids
Rugosa wrinkled rose is represented by several garden forms. and is widely cultivated in areas with moderate climatic conditions. The most popular hybrid forms of Rósa rugósa, which are as close as possible to the original species, are characterized by an increased level of frost resistance, which allows them to be grown in the soil and climatic conditions of the middle zone of our country without the use of winter shelter.
|Alba||The direct shoots of this rose reach two and a half meters in height||Simple, white, with a yellow center, medium size||Relatively small, sour-sweet taste, dense||Blooms profusely in June|
|"Rubra"||The diameter of the crown of the plant is 3 m at a height of 1.5 m||Large, crimson red flowers||Fruits are orange-red, large||Between June and the first autumn month|
|Hansa||The plant is one and a half to two meters high. Bright green leaves, shiny||Violet-red color, loose-terry type, with a diameter of up to 50-80 mm||Orange-red color, spherical shape, diameter up to 25 mm||Between June and mid-September|
|Gelbe Dagmar Hastrup||Up to one and a half meters high and a crown diameter of 0.8-1.2 m, with prickly shoots, slightly wrinkled and fairly stiff foliage||Semi-double type, yellow, with a light aroma||Large, red, fleshy||Between June and the first decade of September|
|"Dagmar Hastrup"||Broad and branched, compact plant, up to a meter high, with prickly and beautifully drooping shoots||Large, non-double type, cup-shaped or saucer-shaped, pure pale pink||Rounded red berries||From early spring until frost|
|Darts Defender||Relatively sprawling bush up to 1.5-2 m high||Large, single, purple-pink, semi-double||Orange-red, large sizes||In the middle of summer|
|"Red Rugostar"||The bush is compact, decorative, reaches a height of 0.6-0.8 m||Dark red, consisting of 10-12 petals, without aroma||Orange-red, large sizes||From spring to frost|
|"Rotes Meer"||Compact type bush up to 1.5 m high, with a rounded crown||Inflorescences from dark purple, fragrant, semi-double flowers||Large, reddish, fleshy||From spring to the first severe frosts|
|"Scabroza"||Up to 2.5 m high with a crown width of one and a half meters, with shoots covered with frequent and sharp spikes||Large sizes, flat flowers with a diameter of more than 80 mm, collected in racemes, with a pronounced aroma||Spherical, large and fleshy fruits||Abundant first summer and re-bloom in autumn|
Planting a wrinkled rose does not cause any difficulties, even for beginners and inexperienced gardeners. When planting this decorative culture, attention should be paid to observing the following simple rules:
- Rugosa rose belongs to the category of completely undemanding to the soil composition and nutritional value of crops;
- it is possible to grow a plant in areas with low salinity and prone to drought, but it is best to set aside protected from the wind and well-lit areas of the south and west;
- to plant such a variety of roses is best in the early spring, even before the active budding of the buds;
- if there is a need to create a high decorative hedge, then planting seedlings Rósa rugósa is carried out according to the scheme of 0.6 × 0.6 m or 0.8 × 0.8 m;
- group plantings of rose rugosa with junipers or spirea are carried out with an obligatory distance of one and a half meters.
Immediately after planting, plants should be watered abundantly and in the first two weeks of rooting, create shading from the scorching sun.
Rósa rugósa propagates both seed and vegetatively. This type of ornamental plant, popular in our country, forms an abundant root shoot and has a good root neck, which can have a positive effect on the flowering time, and also makes the crop promising among tall varieties.
A wrinkled rose belongs to the category of very variable plants, prone to natural hybridization and mutation, so in natural conditions you can often find bushes with a very unusual color of flowers.
In conditions of home gardening, propagation of Rósa rugósa is recommended by root shoots or cuttings. Young plants are easily separated from the parent bush, after which they should be transplanted to a permanent place. A very good result and a high percentage of survival gives a way to cuttings of green or woody shoots. Chopped shoots must be treated with a growth stimulant and rooted in a mixture of coarse sand and peat in a ratio of 50/50.
Proper and uncomplicated maintenance of such an ornamental plant as Rósa rugósa does not take much time or effort and consists in the following rules:
- decorative culture has a powerful and spreading crown, which absolutely does not need the use of support or tying;
- increased resistance of Rósa rugósa to fungal and viral infections reduces the need for preventive spraying;
- in the spring, sanitary pruning is necessarily carried out, involving the removal of all weak and broken, as well as very old shoots;
- forming spring pruning allows you to give the crown the desired shape and consists in shortening too long or bare branches, as well as in removing all shoots growing inside the bush and contributing to its thickening;
- for feeding in the spring and summer, full mineral fertilizers or compost are used;
- after the first wave of flowering, it is recommended that the plants be fed with a mullein-based solution, and in the autumn, phosphorus-potassium fertilizing should be preferred.
Rose: propagation by cuttings
Rose bushes Rósa rugósa winter when grown in most regions of our country without the use of shelter, easily withstand frosts down to minus 40 ° C and tolerate heat very well. However, it should be remembered that wrinkled roses are very susceptible to chlorosis, so fertilizers must be as full as possible.