Rosella or Hibiscus sabdariffa, from the Latin Hibiscus sabdariffa, is known to many as the Sudanese rose. This shrub plant from the family of Malvaceae or Malvaceae, has received widespread, almost universal distribution in the tropics. The home rose of this species is especially popular.
Characteristic and Description
Sudanese rose has become known and revered due to its healing properties in ancient Egypt. Hibiscus sabdariffa is a shrubby annual plant, the height of which can be 3-3.5 m. The shape of the plant is branched. The root system is deep penetration into the soil. The stem and foliage have a pronounced green color with a reddish tint. The foliage on the crown of the shrub is smooth, palm-shaped, represented by three- or seven-leaved leaves with serrated edges. On the bottom of the crown are oval-shaped leaves.
Hibiscus sabdariffa flowers are very large in size, have thick petals. The diameter in the phase of full disclosure is on average about 60 mm. The peduncle is shortened. Coloring bright red with a purple whisk. The base of the petals is yellowish or with a brown tint. A flower cup is red or greenish in color. After flowering, the cup acquires a red tint, meatiness and juiciness, which allows it to be used to make the famous Hibiscus tea. It should be noted that all parts of the flower are edible. In the manufacture of tea, dark red staining of the petals is used, as well as fleshy cups and rose flowers. Besides, meaty cups of Hibiscus sabdariffa are widely used for making jam and jelly, and foliage and young shoots can be used along with many vegetable crops.
Hibiscus: benefits and harms
Seed propagation technology
An amazing plant like Hibiscus sabdariffa is well suited for growing at home. A potted crop is usually grown from seeds, which are often found in tea bags. The seed material has excellent germination, which lasts for five to six years. Preparation for sowing, as well as planting itself, is carried out in the last decade of February using the following technology:
- withstand the seeds of Hibiscus sabdariffa in order to disinfect in a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes;
- thoroughly rinse the seeds in running water and soak in a solution based on a growth promoter, for example, Epin, Zircon or Fumar;
- germinate seeds on wet tissue, preventing its overmoistening or complete drying;
- after about three to four days, seedlings appear, after which they are sown in separate planting containers;
- A nutritious soil mixture based on sand, peat and wood ash is best suited for growing Saudi roses.
To protect the seedlings of Hibiscus sabdariffa from damage by a black leg, it is recommended to irrigate with a solution based on "Fundazole".
Features of planting cuttings
When self-propagating Sudanese roses by cuttings, some botanical features of the culture should be taken into account:
- cuttings obtained as a result of pruning a plant in the spring are best suited for rooting;
- it is allowed to root apical cuttings with a pair of internodes obtained during pruning in August;
- all sections should be treated with a solution based on a growth stimulator, Kornevin and Heteroauxin have proven themselves in this quality;
- rooting of cuttings can be carried out both in water and in a mixture of coarse sand and peat;
- plantings with cuttings should be covered with transparent material to create optimal microclimatic conditions.
Subject to technology, the rooting process takes no more than a month. Cuttings after planting at a permanent place of cultivation should be pinched, which will stimulate the branching of the plant.
About the benefits of tea
Tea is very attractive ruby color with a slightly pronounced and pleasant acidity, with a characteristic delicate aroma, many known under the name "Karkade". For every 100 g it accounts for:
- water - 86.58 g;
- carbohydrates - 11.31 g;
- proteins - 0.96 g;
- fat - 0.64 g;
- ash substances - 0.51 g.
Also, Hibiscus sabdariffa flowers contain a significant amount of vitamins, malic, citric and tartaric acids, sugars and pectins, trace elements, anthocyanins and organic fatty acids necessary for the life of the body. Of the thirteen amino acids that make up this delicious and healthy tea, six are indispensable. A cold drink can quench your thirst, while a hot drink serves as a source of energy and not only strengthens the walls of blood vessels, but also regulates their permeability.
The main benefits of Hibiscus sabdariffa tea are as follows:
- contained antioxidants help to eliminate carcinogens, which helps to prevent cancer;
- reduces the risk of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by heartburn;
- Laxative properties allow the use of Hibiscus sabdariffa tea for chronic constipation;
- regular consumption of tea enhances immunity and improves the condition after serious illnesses;
- the presence of gamma-linolenic acid in the flowers of Hibiscus sabdariffa allows you to adjust blood cholesterol;
- tea is indicated for use in the presence of cardiovascular diseases and eye diseases, reduces temperature and has a positive effect on the genitourinary system;
- Hibiscus is useful for people with diabetes, as well as following diets for weight loss.
Sudanese Rose: Growing
It should be remembered that nutritionists do not recommend consuming more than three cups of such healing tea per day. With moderate use, the drink will really be useful.