Angelica officinalis: plant species, use in medicine and at home, contraindications

Angelica is a perennial herb. In addition to the universally recognized name, it has many other nicknames, for example, grass angelica (angelica) and angelica. Grass has long been used by traditional healers to treat a large number of ailments. Until the XIV century, perennials were grown mainly in monasteries, then it was imported into Central Europe.

Botanical characteristics and distribution of angelica officinalis

Angelica, belonging to the family Umbrella, often grows to a height of 2 meters or more. A thick rounded stem with a bluish bloom and a hollow inside, covered with large smooth leaves, branches in the upper part of the plant.

Inflorescences, consisting of small five-petalled yellow-green or green-white flowers, reach 15 cm in diameter. The plant blooms throughout the summer season. Spherical umbrellas have a complex shape containing from 20 to 40 rays.

An elongated radish rhizome, endowed with many accessory fleshy roots, exudes a specific smell.

Homeland of this edible plant in the north of Eurasia. Some of its varieties grow in the regions of the Northern Hemisphere. In Russia, there are dozens of species of perennials. IN The following species are popular in the Far Eastern District:

  • angelica officinalis;
  • marsh;
  • forest.

Grass prefers to settle along the outskirts of water bodies, rivers, in moist forests and in wet meadows. In the river valleys it reaches the tundra zone. Cultivated to obtain aromatic raw materials.

The healing properties and composition of angelica vulgaris

A herb has many beneficial characteristics. The list of ailments and symptoms that can be alleviated using angelica, covers almost all systems of the human body. With the help of miraculous herbs they treat:

  • gastrointestinal tract diseases;
  • pathology of the digestive organs;
  • respiratory tract diseases;
  • Toothache
  • joint disease
  • gynecological ailments.

For the production of medicines use all parts of the plant. Dry raw materials, juice and even grass oil are used. Angelica strengthens the nervous system, supports the body's defenses, improves blood composition, helps in the fight against alcoholism and many other diseases.

The use of angelica in medicine

The value of the culture is due to its chemical composition. The aboveground part and rhizome contain:

  • coumarins;
  • tannins;
  • resins;
  • bitterness;
  • essential and fatty oils;
  • starch;
  • wax;
  • pectin;
  • organic acids;
  • Sahara;
  • proteins
  • vitamin C.

For the presence of phytoestrogens - plant hormones whose properties are similar to female ones. Oil is squeezed from the rhizome with a pleasant aroma and bitter taste, decoctions and tinctures are produced. No wonder the product is widely used in Chinese medicine.

Description of angelica species

Angelica grass includes several varieties that have been actively used since ancient times for medicinal purposes.

Common angelica

A tall perennial plant (in the culture of biennial) with a thick powerful stalk and large three times pinnately dissected foliage with serrated end segments. Flowers of a yellowish-green hue with time turn into white spherical umbrellas with 30 - 40 rays. The whitish-yellow milky juice contained in angelica is characterized by a strong pleasant odor that maintains increased resistance.

For medicinal purposes, roots, grass, flowers and seeds are collected.

Angelica forest

Perennial umbrella family with a high stem, from 60 cm to 2 meters. Wide-angle sheet plates are divided into 3 parts with sharp edges. Small flowers of a white and pinkish hue are collected in an inflorescence-umbrella, forming large umbrellas. The plant is famous for its many beneficial properties. It begins to bloom in June and continues to bloom until October. From the end of the summer season, fruits are formed, which are a two-seeded elliptical shape with winged edge ribs.

Seeds that fall in the fall most often germinate in May, but some may lie in the ground for 2 to 3 years. Throughout its life, angelica is denser only once. After flowering, the plant dies.

Chinese angelica

A herbaceous annual plant with a height of 40 cm to 1 m. Refers to edible crops. The main place of distribution is China. The plant prefers moist places, bushes, riverbanks and streams. It blooms throughout the summer season.

Due to the chemical composition of the plant, which is of great importance in medicine, all its parts are widely used in the manufacture of medicinal products.

Marsh angelica

The number of this species is gradually declining. The height of the plant with a ribbed-furrowed stalk reaches 1 meter. The wedge-shaped sharp-toothed segments of leaves having a triangular outline lie in different planes. The inflorescence is formed from flowers with white petals, after flowering of which the ovules are formed, slightly compressed from the back. Propagated only with the help of seeds.

Features of the procurement and storage of grass

For the preparation of folk recipes, treating various ailments, use all parts of the plant. Experts recommend digging out the roots during fruit ripening.. They must be thoroughly cleaned of contamination, washed and crushed. Then the raw materials should be well dried in a ventilated room or in a special dryer at a temperature of 35 - 40 degrees.

Harvesting of leaves for eating should be done in the spring before flowering. If the raw material will be used for medicinal purposes, it must be collected after the plant has flowered (September - October).

The collection of inflorescences and seeds occurs in autumn. The bundles must be suspended in a room at room temperature. The finished product must be stored in sealed glass containers or in a dry room.

Harvesting raw materials it’s important to consider that the plant juice contains components that, when in contact with the skin, increase its sensitivity to sunlight. As a result, sunburn may occur.

What is useful angelica root

The use of angelica officinalis in folk medicine

The wealth of useful substances has given the reputation of Angelica grass as a plant that gives strength. Home Therapy Recipes Created by Ancient Healers used for the following diseases:

  • rhizome from gastrointestinal diseases;
  • flowers for viral epidemics, respiratory diseases;
  • seeds as a diuretic;
  • rubbing with rheumatism;
  • heart disease
  • pathology of the pancreas.

Decoctions and infusions strengthen the body's defenses, support the work of the nervous system, replace strong painkillers for toothache. In case of skin lesions, baths with the addition of infusion of boiled roots help.

To harvest raw materials for future use, it is recommended to pickle and salt the young plant. Then the product is added to salads, various stews and broths.

Using angelica in everyday life

Due to the special sweetish and spicy taste with bitterness,udnik is used as a spice, and all parts of the plant are used. During the preparation of culinary dishes and vodka, seeds are actively used to flavor them. Powder prepared from rhizomes is put in fried meat, drinks and pastries. Fresh shoots and roots are used to make jam, pastille and candied fruit. Young foliage is a component of a side dish, salad and sauce.

Angelica oil actively used in the perfume industry for flavoring products (cream, paste, cologne).

Contraindications angelica herbs

Despite the fact that angelica is widely used in treatment and everyday life, experts recommend that people with hypersensitivity (individual intolerance) to essential oil refrain from using it. Allergic reactions usually occur when using multicomponent fees, which include angelica.

It is necessary to treat pregnant women with special care for self-medication, therefore it is important to consult a doctor on any issues, otherwise the substances contained in angelica can cause a miscarriage. Also it is forbidden to use the plant during breastfeeding and with heavy menstruation.

Since the product has a photosensitizing effect, it is not recommended to use angelica to owners of thin and fair skin, especially before going outdoors.

Overdose can cause poisoning.paralyzing the central nervous system. If you experience unpleasant symptoms, you should seek help from a medical facility.

How to distinguish angelica from hogweed

Usually plants have doubles that are dangerous to humans. How not to confuse angelica with poisonous hogweed, whose juice, when it comes into contact with the skin, provokes a response? Blisters and dark spots form on the contacted site, which do not heal for a long time.

The appearance of plants has some differences:

  • Angelica trunk has a smooth surface, and in the lower part a reddish tint. The poisonous analogue is all covered with hard hairs.
  • Angelica exudes an attractive smell. The aroma of hogweed, on the contrary, is very unpleasant.

How to collect forest angelica

Angelica has long been used for breeding in culture, mainly because of the rhizome, which is used in the preparation of bitter English vodka and sugar blanks. In some regions, the plant is cultivated as a wonderful honey plant. From 1 ha, you can get 300 kg of a useful aromatic product.