Kalanchoe, or Kalanchoe (Kalanchoë), belongs to the genus of succulent plants and is included in the family Crassulaceae. Different types of Kalanchoe have long become not only a real decoration of indoor and garden interiors, but are also actively used as a public and effective medicinal plant.
Botanical description of Kalanchoe
The description of the plant and its main characteristic are as follows:
- naked or pubescent succulent plant with a height of a few centimeters to three to four meters;
- species can be represented by epiphytes and vines;
- many species form buds on foliage and in inflorescences;
- foliage is diverse in shape, but varieties and species are more common with round leaves located opposite or in whorls;
- the leaves most often have a stem-containing petiole or base, fleshy type, with whole edges or with cloves;
- inflorescences are terminal, most often three-part, paniculate or in the form of characteristic false umbrellas;
- flowers of a four-membered, upright or drooping type, relatively large, with fused petals;
- the flower has petal staining white, pink, purple, greenish, yellow, reddish or red, a bit like a gramophone;
- the fruits are represented by multi-seeded leaflets.
Street or garden, as well as indoor plants can propagate by seed, cuttings or brood buds.
Kalanchoe: features of cultivation
Varieties of Kalanchoe yellow, pink, white and red color
Decorative beautiful-flowering perennial belongs to the family Crassulaceae, and under natural conditions it has become widespread in many countries, including Asia and Africa. To date, many varieties of this plant are known in room culture, which form both ordinary and double-type flowers of bright staining. Petals can have yellow or orange, as well as red or delicate pink and pure white and all kinds of shades. The most popular varieties with bright flowers:
- widespread in indoor floriculture cultivar Amor with red flowers;
- grade "Alekhandra" characterized by non-double flowers of attractive yellow staining;
- varietal feature Kalanchoe "Avalon" is the formation of relatively large inflorescences of delicate pink color;
- terry-flowering variety "Bardot" differs in long flowering and inflorescences of bright orange-orange color;
- large-flowered variety "Simone-2000" forms beautiful snow-white inflorescences.
White-flowered varieties Mie, Elsa, Pluto and "Sora Whitе." Popular pink-flowering varieties "Delia", "Cora", "Diion", "Katerina", "Melania" and "Gwenn." Highly decorative and popular red-flowered varieties "Sassandra", "Fuego", "Kawi", "Mary" and Kerr.
Common varieties with yellow and orange flowers "Karin", "Funda", "Ingrid", "Goldenstrike", "Naomi", "Arina", "Nadia-2000", "Carmen" and "Bardot." Especially popular are varieties and hybrid forms with varying staining of petals, which include "Don Darcio". Shrub varieties are most often grown in standard flower pots, and a highly decorative ampel plant is predominantly planted in a flowerpot.
How Kalanchoe propagates (species)
The best types and varieties of plants
The genus has about two hundred species of Kalanchoe, but only the most abundantly leafy, lush and long-flowering, as well as unpretentious species, varieties and hybrid forms are especially popular among amateur gardeners.
A small and fairly compact shrub succulent plant native to the southern and southeastern territories of Asia and the island of Madagascar. The stem part is thin, slightly branching, pubescent, bare in the lower part, not more than 35-45 cm high.
The foliage is olive-green, wedge-shaped or triangular, coarse-toothed, wavy, covered with a grayish waxy coating or pubescent. Rare flowering occurs in mid-summer. The flower stalk height does not exceed 50-60 cm. The inflorescences are friable, small-flowered, light yellow. Foliage prone to falling therefore, regular updating of the plant by trimming the apical part is used.
Kalanchoe paniculata is common in natural conditions in a rocky area in South Africa. This herbaceous perennial reaches a height of 55-60 cm and is characterized by dense foliage. Foliage obovate, up to 13-15 cm long with a width of 50-70 mm. Leaves are bluntly rounded, silvery white.
Paniculate inflorescence is represented by yellow flowers with a jug-like swollen tube of a tetrahedral corolla. Flower petals are small in size, rounded in shape. Abundant flowering is observed in the spring, after which a large number of bulb-shaped buds are formed, used in the reproduction of the plant.
Kalanchoe dissected, or lobed
Unpretentious and highly decorative room plant many amateur gardeners know under the name "Deer horns" and is distinguished by its ability to adapt to adverse conditions of detention. A perennial herb has characteristic juicy and fleshy shoots, which first have an upright shape, and then become lodged.
The lower part of the ornamental plant in the process of growth and development is exposed. The leaves are fleshy, deeply dissected, with a serrated marginal part, of a light green color, with a waxy surface coating. Tubular flowers have a yellowish-orange color. In conditions of proper care, the flowering of this species is very plentiful. Due to the formation of shoots drooping over time, the species is often used by gardeners as a decorative ampel plant.
Kalanchoe tubal is able to form a large number of children on foliage. The native land of the species is the dry semi-desert terrain of Madagascar, where the plant forms strong and powerful bushes reaching a height of 0.8 m. The foliage is quite narrow, with a length of 11.0-13.0 has a grayish-green color.
Well-defined spots of brown coloring are located on a light background of the leaf plate, which gives the aerial part of the perennial a very original and attractive appearance. The flowers are located on fairly high peduncles, and have an elongated shape and a beautiful burgundy red color.
Usually grown as a biennial ornamental succulent plant. with a height of the aerial part up to 12.0-18.0 cm. Leaves of very large sizes, broad obovate or oval-integumentary form. The end of the foliage is round, and the base is elongated.
Stem foliage, intersecting at right angles, is located in pairs, sedentary and dense, hard-leathery type. The flowers are red-brown staining, located inside the thick scutes and collected in flat-terminal inflorescences of the apical type. Characteristic is the presence of a green calyx and tubular corolla.
The appearance of this plant is very similar to Kalanchoe Degremon, but differs by smaller large leaves and shorter internodes. A characteristic difference is the presence of a leaf edge with a very large number of teeth and a dense arrangement of "children". A very interesting and original form of pink color is well known and popular in culture, due to the absence of chlorophyll.
Madagascar bell is the only ampelous species, which, unlike the popular and very common Kalanchoe Blossfeld, experts recommended for cultivation as a perennial with a mandatory two-month rest period.
Kalanchoe fiery red naturally grows on rocky soils in Somalia. This attractive perennial herb has a sparsely branched stem part 30-40 cm high. Foliage is obovate in shape, no more than 60-80 mm long and 25-30 mm long. The leaves have a characteristic narrowing at the base and a blunt rounding in the upper part.
Edges of leaflets serrate. In the spring, umbellate inflorescences are formed, formed by bright orange-red flowers and an expanded tubular corolla and triangular-ovate petals. This highly decorative view of the popular pottery culture grows and develops best in relatively cool, but fairly lit rooms.
Varieties of Kalanchoe
Kalanchoe belongs to the category of fairly compact indoor ornamental plants, and fits perfectly even on not too wide window sills. When growing, you need to give preference to southeast or southwest windows, on which a light-loving perennial plant will bloom as abundantly and for a long time as possible, delighting its owner.