Potted chrysanthemum grown at home is a bright and attractive plant with lush flowers of various shades. When it is acquired, in order to create favorable conditions for its development, it is necessary to observe simple but very important rules. The plant will definitely respond with gratitude, decorating the window sill of any room. Many gardeners also use it to decorate balconies in summer and autumn.
One of the popular plant species is spray chrysanthemum, used for outdoor cultivation. It has long and tall stems decorated with inflorescences. At room conditions, they prefer more compact and undersized varieties and their types.
Today, thanks to breeding work, you can grow chrysanthemums in your home with almost any color of flowers.
The most suitable types and varieties for growing in pots
Chinese Chrysanthemum, or Silky-leaved
The plant is a hybrid whose appearance is the result of a long selection, lasting several centuries, of chrysanthemums from China and Japan. Ideal for potted culture, because its height reaches 30-100 cm without cutting. Lush flowering, on strong stems with leaves 5-7 cm long are located as individual large flowers, and inflorescences in the form of boxes
The native land of this species is the range of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. The height of the plants does not exceed 1 m. Its inflorescences in the form of baskets have a diameter of approximately 5 cm. Due to the ability of the shrub chrysanthemum to adapt well to new conditions, it feels great at home or on the balcony in pots and containers
Often found in flower shops in pots. At home, the height of the bush is 15-70 cm. Flowering is plentiful, bright
Also well established for growing indoors and on balconies. Varieties of this species are distinguished by a spherical shape of flowers
Has large (10-12 cm) buds and shoot height. It can be grown both by bushes and single plants. The color of the flowers can be varied, often they have petals with a greenish tint in the middle. It usually blooms in autumn, cut branches of the plant stand in the vase for a very long time - about 3 weeks, without losing their decorative characteristics
"Aurora" (a variety of Indian chrysanthemum)
Has bright and flat orange inflorescences.
"Snow Elf" (a variety of Indian chrysanthemum)
Strong stems of medium height, crowned with white flowers-pom-poms
A special type of spray chrysanthemum suitable for indoor cultivation. Dwarf branchy plant (maximum 20 cm in height), strewn with small pretty flowers
Ampel chrysanthemum is the dream of many gardeners. Falling shoots decorated with pink flowers. This variety can be grown in hanging pots and on special racks.
It is a common commodity stores. These plants can have a different color of flowers. It is quite unpretentious, it adapts well to home temperature and humidity, it blooms continuously and plentifully
Chrysanthemum indoor: home care
How to make chrysanthemum show itself in all its glory? This plant does not require much. It is enough to pay attention to the place where the pot with it stands, try to observe the temperature regime and the necessary humidity. From time to time, you must not forget about timely pruning and transplanting.
Optimal conditions for growing
When the plant was in the house, you should decide on the windowsill, on which the pot will be placed. For chrysanthemums, the east or west side of the house will be an ideal place. On the northern window, she will lack ultraviolet light and in such conditions is unlikely to bloom. In the south, the sun's rays are too aggressive and help to reduce the flowering period, moisture loss and burns of the green part. Also it is important to consider that the flowering of a crop begins when the daylight hours are between 8 and 10 hours. Therefore, if necessary, it must be covered with a thick cardboard cover or box.
How to care for room chrysanthemum
The best temperature for chrysanthemum is:
- in the summer months - about 22 ° C;
- with the onset of autumn - about 17 ° C;
- in winter - much lower: from 3 to 8 ° C.
Plant care also consists in maintaining the necessary air humidity, which the chrysanthemum prefers high. Therefore, next to the pot, you can install a container of water or a tray filled with moistened expanded clay. This flower should be sprayed from the spray gun in the warm season.
Watering and feeding
Chrysanthemum loves plentiful watering, but you need to make sure that the water does not stagnate in the pot. This can lead to decay of its root system and death of the plant. Simply water when the topsoil is dry.. In winter, this procedure can be carried out 1-2 times a month.
Beautiful flowering bushes respond well to root dressing using organic fertilizers and balanced mineral complexes. This will ensure the strength of the stems, stimulates the formation and opening of buds. Complex fertilizers produced for indoor flower plants are well suited.
Protection against diseases and pests
To reduce the risk of damage to the chrysanthemum by diseases and pests, it is enough to properly care for it and periodically inspect the plant. After she got into the house, for 3 weeks the flower should be kept "in quarantine", that is, isolated from other plants. Also it is important to maintain the necessary humidity and an earthen; strengthen the plant with fertilizing and ventilate the room, avoiding drafts.
Features and timing
Since the acquisition of chrysanthemum, it is necessary to begin the formation of a bush by pinching the shoots. It is enough to leave 4-6 nodes on each branch. This will contribute to branching and volume creation of the plant. You can give the chrysanthemum the desired size and shape.
If bud formation does not occur, then the long shoots of the plant are cut with sharp scissors or secateurs, while treating the slices with activated charcoal. It will be necessary to shorten the branches even after flowering, when the flowers have just begun to wither: this will help preserve the strength of the plant. All flower stalks are cut off, leaving no more than 15 cm of shoots, the pot is transferred to a cool place.
How to transplant purchased home chrysanthemum
Some gardeners prefer to transplant a chrysanthemum purchased in a store immediately into new soil. It is recommended to do this with all plants brought from abroad, because they are on sale in the transport soil. Others prefer to give the plant bloom.
For transplantation after purchase, you need to take a pot, the volume of which is slightly larger than the size of the root system, and fill it with a substrate, not forgetting about drainage. It should be remembered that Chrysanthemum does not like acidic soils. A mixture of turf land with peat and humus in equal parts is well suited. For less trauma to the root system, it is recommended to use the transshipment method.
Many who have a chrysanthemum at home are wondering why it does not bloom with the onset of autumn. There may be several reasons:
- lack of sunlight;
- nutrient deficiency;
- lack of pruning;
- long daylight hours.
To make chrysanthemum bloom, you need to find errors in care and fix them.
The cause of another common problem, when the plant reaches up, may also be poor lighting and inadequate nutrition. We must not forget that the chrysanthemum bushes should be regularly pruned for branching.
The most common diseases of this flower include:
- aspermia caused by the virus (there is a change in the shape of the flowers, the leaves become covered with specks);
- seedlessness, also of a viral nature (a yellow tint appears);
- verticillosis - slow plant death due to infection;
- dwarfism caused by a virus;
- mosaic (virus) - the appearance of a characteristic pattern on leaf plates;
- powdery mildew (virus) - the formation of white plaque;
- spotting ring (virus) - the appearance of yellow rings;
- rust (fungus);
- Septoria (fungus) - the appearance of brown spots;
- gray rot (fungus) - a gray coating.
Chrysanthemum is also often affected by pests: spider mites, aphids and thrips. Plants that become infected with the virus should be destroyed immediately, as they will die and infect other indoor flowers. Chemicals can be used to treat infections. Special insecticides sold in stores do a good job with pests.
Care after potted chrysanthemum after flowering
When the plant fades, it begins a period of rest. Therefore, all peduncles need to be trimmed with the very beginning of wilting. This will allow the chrysanthemum to retain strength. Then the pot is transferred to a cool room (you can use an unheated loggia or basement), where the temperature is 3 - 8 ° C, reduce watering. With the advent of spring sunshine, the flower is again placed in a warm room, they regularly feed and water it.
Why does a chrysanthemum in a pot dry
Chrysanthemum is a flowering plant that can be grown on your windowsill. It is only necessary to create suitable conditions for it, depending on the time of year. This is a flower that has a reduced immunity to diseases, so you need to regularly examine it and treat it if necessary. If desired, it is possible to choose an original variety with bright, catchy flowers of various shades.