Raspberry Meteor of early ripening and universal use was obtained at the Kokinsky stronghold of VSTISP as a result of work on crossing varieties Kostinbrodskaya and Novosti Kuzmina. The variety is included in the State Register and is recommended for cultivation in home gardening and small farms in the following regions of our country: North, North-West, Central, Volga-Vyatka, Central Black Earth and Middle Volga.
Raspberry Meteor: Variety Description
Raspberry Meteor forms mid-sized powerful erect bushes with an average shoot formation ability (on average 20-25 shoots per square meter). Adult shoots have tips of a drooping type, covered with a slight waxy coating. The thorns are single, small, relatively thin and short, with a thickened base.
Berries of medium size, weighing 2.2-3.2 g, stupidly conical, red, dessert taste. The variety is winter-hardy, resistant to major fungal diseases. Vulnerable to spider mites, shoot gall midges and purple spottingtherefore requires timely and effective preventative treatment. Unstable to overgrowth. Productivity is 50-70 kg / ha. Berries are suitable for fresh consumption and freezing.
Varietal Features Raspberries Meteor
Description of the variety and reviews of gardeners notes the many advantages of the variety that make it in demand for cultivation in garden plots and in household plots:
- the possibility of obtaining an early and high yield;
- good presentation of berries;
- the ability of the harvested crop to retain taste and marketability for a long time;
- the possibility of propagation by cuttings;
- low spikes;
- good winter hardiness and ability to winter without shelter.
In general, this low-maintenance and high-yielding variety is considered very promising for individual gardening.
How to plant raspberries
Features of agricultural technology
It is better to plant Meteor raspberries in the spring, in planting pits 30-40 × 30 cm in size or in trenches or furrows of the same width and depth. Raspberries can be grown in an ordinary or bush method, with a row spacing of 1.5-2.2 m. With the ordinary method, raspberry seedlings in a row should be placed at 0.45-0.5 m from each other, and with the bush method - at 0.7-0.8 m.
Immediately after planting, the bushes must be watered at the rate of 10 liters of water per linear meter of raspberry. It is advisable to mulch the soil with peat chips, compost or rotted manure, a layer of 4-6.5 cm. Also, after planting, you need to shorten the seedlings to 25-30 cm.
In the absence of natural rainfall, it is necessary to water the plants at the beginning of flowering and at the stage of active growth of shoots and ovaries. The standard water flow rate is three buckets per square meter. Organic fertilizers should be applied every three years at the rate of 5 kg per square meter. In early spring, raspberries are fed with ammonium nitrate (15-20 g). Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied in the preparation of plants for winter.
As fertilizers, a solution of slurry and chicken infusion are also effective, which must be diluted with water (1: 5 and 1:10, respectively). In preparation for winter, shoots should be bent to the ground and tied, and this must be done before severe frosts, so as not to break the plants. At the stages of flowering and budding, spraying raspberries with 10% malathion is recommended (75 g per 10 l of water).
Raspberry Meteor is undemanding to growing conditions, and its yield is almost independent of soil and climatic indicators. Bushes are already formed of seedlings by June, which can reach two meters in height and at the same time not too spreading. Annual shoots are green, with a weak thorn.
How to prune raspberries for the winter
Mostly gardeners appreciate the variety for a good dessert taste of berries, early crop formation, excellent winter hardiness and low spikes. Due to the sour taste of berries, raspberries Meteor is not recommended for cooking jam.