Hare cabbage, or stonecrop, is a plant well known to most of our compatriots. In botany, it is also called the reed of violinists (Sédum teléphium). This perennial herbaceous succulent crop belongs to the genus Sedum or Sedum and the family Crassulaceae or Crassulaceae.
Description and characteristic
Perennial herbaceous bare plant is not too large. The average height of rabbit cabbage can vary between 20-60 cm. A shortened type of rhizome has characteristic crowded and thickened, tuberous or spindle-shaped lateral roots. The number of such roots is often very significant. The stem part is strong, more or less uniform leafy. The stem base is arcuately bent. The stem part is annual, therefore in winter the aerial part dies and renews only in the spring period from overwintered buds located on the rhizome.
The foliage of Sédum teléphium is fleshy, whole, of the next arrangement, oblong-elliptical or broadly lanceolate, with a rounded apical part. Leaves are arranged densely enough. The average leaf length is 3-10 cm. The lower foliage has a narrowed or wedge-shaped leaf blade. The upper foliage is sessile, rounded at the base.
Flowers are collected in apical type, multi-flowered inflorescences. The flower is bisexual, with a double perianth and five green staining, thick sepals, which are lanceolate, spiky, slightly fused at the base, with a solid edge. Five loosely located, thin, pointed, elliptically lanceolate in shape, in the middle of bent, petals are collected in a corolla. The result of a small intergrowth of the petals in the apical part forms a kind of “hood”. The whisk has a dark pink, purple or raspberry color.
Hare cabbage: common sour
Sédum teléphium fruit is represented by a multi-leafed red or pink color. The leaflet can be direct or multi-seeded, and also have a short nose, slightly curved to the outside. Elliptical, numerous seeds are very small. In most of our country, the flowering period falls on the period from June to September. Fruiting is observed from August to September.
The healing properties of the plant
The healing and healing properties of rabbit cabbage are well understood. However, when using stonecrop for medicinal purposes, it is important to remember that the plant belongs to the category of poisonous, so its use should be strictly limited. The powerful plant nutrient stimulant Sédum teléphium exceeds the well-known aloe in terms of activity, and can be used in the treatment of diseases such as pneumonia, bronchitis, hepatitis, impotence and nervous disorders. A good result was observed in the treatment of kidney and bladder diseases.
Most often, the plant is used for therapeutic purposes in the treatment and prevention of the following diseases:
- low hemoglobin in the blood;
- anemia of various origins;
- digestive system diseases;
- chronic constipation of various etiologies;
- long non-healing and soaking ulcers, acne, abscesses, wounds and gangrenous changes;
- hyperpigmentation of the skin, warts and corns;
- hypertonic disease;
- problems in the genitourinary sphere;
- fever and malaria.
The following recipes based on the use of stonecrop or rabbit cabbage have proven themselves very well and have shown high efficiency:
- with oncological changes in the gastrointestinal tract, it is recommended to take infusions based on dry stonecrop, which must be poured with boiling water and infused for an hour and a half. The standard consumption of plant materials is four tablespoons per liter of water. To alleviate the symptoms, it is enough to use a quarter glass three times a day;
- in the treatment of malaria a decoction of stonecrop is used. To this end, a couple of tablespoons of dried plant material is boiled in two glasses of water for seven minutes, after which the broth must be infused until cool. Take a ready-made broth at room temperature should be 50 ml three times a day.
Violation of the technology of preparation of the drug and dosage can cause a very strong digestive upset, and can also cause problems in the cardiovascular system and cause paralysis of the respiratory center. Improper external use can cause inflammation on the skin.
When growing rabbit cabbage in the conditions of home gardening, the main care is reduced to fairly frequent weeding. Relatively plentiful irrigation measures require stonecrop only in abnormally hot and dry weather. It is very important to constantly monitor the growth processes of the aerial parts and to promptly shorten the shoots.
In landscape gardening, stonecrop ordinary is used quite widely. Nevertheless, when choosing a site for planting and growing, it is necessary to take into account the fact that rabbit cabbage is a rather photophilous plant, and in the presence of sufficient sunlight the leaves acquire a brighter and more juicy appearance. In shading, stonecrops often bloom and grow very poorly, losing almost completely their decorative effect. In addition, in damp areas, a decorative culture can be affected by pathogenic microflora, which is manifested in the formation of spots on stems or foliage.
To maintain the decorative appearance of the Sédum teléphium plant, it is necessary to regularly cut off all fading inflorescences and dried leaves. In the spring and autumn period, dressing of the decorative culture is necessarily carried out by applying complex mineral fertilizers or liquid organics in the form of a diluted infusion of mullein or bird droppings. It is important to remember that you cannot use fresh manure as fertilizer for rabbit cabbage.
Combination with other plants
Sedum, or rabbit cabbage, is often used in the design of independent solo groups. Stonecrop looks great on large carpet lawns or is used in the formation of multilevel flower beds and flower beds. In this case, it is advisable to supplement the sedum with other, shading types of decorative stonecrops. Almost all creeping varieties of Sédum teléphium are very decorative in the foreground of flower beds and are in demand in the design of lawns, framing flower beds or garden paths.
In recent years, landscape designers have increasingly used Sédum teléphium in decorating the fountain and pond areas, as well as complementing the gazebo and terraces that have been planted in a cache-pot. Sedum looks spectacular in composition with any non-aggressive perennials. When planting and growing stonecrops in conditions of home gardening, it is important to remember such an interesting characteristic as pollination, which results in new hybrids that can strike even the most sophisticated grower with an unusual shape and color.
How to propagate stonecrop
A distinctive feature of stonecrop or Sédum teléphium is the ability to maintain decorativeness when grown in one place for four to five years, after which the plant will require anti-aging measures, including pruning old shoots, adding under the root of fresh soil or replanting while dividing the plant into several parts.